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Research Article

Studenten strooien hete centen voor het volk. Stedelijke identiteit en de geschiedenis van een omstreden herinnering in Leiden (1841-2016)

Authors:

Bart Van der Steen ,

Universiteit Leiden, NL
About Bart

Bart van der Steen (1983) is a University Lecturer in modern history at Leiden University. His research focuses on labour and social movements in Europe from the late nineteenth century to the present. Recent publications include: K. Andresen and B. van der Steen, A European Youth Revolt. European Perspectives on Youth Protest and Social Movements in the 1980s (Houndmills: Palgrave MacMillan, 2016) and B. van der Steen, L. van Hoogenhuijze and A. Katzeff, The City is Ours. Squatting and Autonomous Movements in Europe, 1980-2014 (Oakland: PM Press, 2014).

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Peter Burger

Universiteit Leiden, NL
About Peter

Peter Burger (1961) is a University Lecturer at the Department of Journalism and New Media at Leiden University. He applies rhetorical perspectives to journalism, narrative folklore, and social media discourse. Recent publications include: P. Burger, Monsterlijke verhalen. Misdaadsagen in het nieuws en op webforums als retorische constructies (Den Haag: Boom Lemma, 2014) and P. Burger, ‘Komkommers, zeeslangen, canards en faits divers. Nederlandse kranten (1850-1950) als sagenmedium.’ Volkskunde nr. 3 (2017), pp. 291-318.

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Abstract

Legend has it that students in the Dutch university town of Leiden used to throw coins in the street for the less well-off citizens. Picking up the coins, these risked burning their fingers: the students had heated the coins in a skillet. This story is told as emblematic for the social and cultural differences dividing laborers and students, or, more generally, ‘town and gown’. Opinions differ about the veracity of the story and the time period during which this prank was perpetrated. Our study of this local legend is based on local newspapers and other digitized sources that have recently become available, allowing us to trace the story over a time period that spans the years 1841-2016. The hot coins prank is related to a more benign, internationally known custom during which both throwers and throwees know what to expect. In the Netherlands, stories about the prank have become associated in particular with the town of Leiden, becoming more prominent during the 20th century, after the prank itself was no longer performed. We read the hot coin legend in the context of collective memory and urban identity: over the course of two centuries, various social groups have used the story as a boundary marker between in-group and out-group, and more broadly as a means to reflect on the shifting identity of the town. During the years of urban renewal in the second half of the twentieth century, Leiden transformed from an old, poor, industrial town into a modern, affluent urban centre that touts itself as a ‘city of knowledge’. Rhetorically, the hot coin legend is presented as a test case for social cohesion: did Leiden truly leave behind its divided history?

How to Cite: Van der Steen, B. & Burger, P., (2018). Studenten strooien hete centen voor het volk. Stedelijke identiteit en de geschiedenis van een omstreden herinnering in Leiden (1841-2016). TSEG/ Low Countries Journal of Social and Economic History. 15(1), pp.66–88.
Published on 15 Jul 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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